Tilghman Island, Maryland

Coordinates: 38°42′32″N 76°20′6″W / 38.70889°N 76.33500°W / 38.70889; -76.33500
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Tilghman Island, Maryland
Residential street near the south end of Tilghman Island
Residential street near the south end of Tilghman Island
Location of Tilghman Island, Maryland
Location of Tilghman Island, Maryland
Coordinates: 38°42′32″N 76°20′6″W / 38.70889°N 76.33500°W / 38.70889; -76.33500
CountryUnited States
 • Total2.54 sq mi (6.57 km2)
 • Land2.40 sq mi (6.21 km2)
 • Water0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
7 ft (2 m)
 • Total807
 • Density336.67/sq mi (130.00/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)410, 443, and 667
FIPS code24-77912
GNIS feature ID1852602

Tilghman Island is an island in the Chesapeake Bay. It is part of Talbot County, Maryland, United States.


Initially known as Great Choptank Island, the island became identified with a series of local families. It was owned by Matthew Tilghman's family from 1752 and has been known as Tilghman Island ever since. During the War of 1812 the island was briefly occupied by the British, who obtained provisions for their military forces. The community of Tilghman appeared in the 1840s. The economy shifted from farming to greater reliance on oystering and fishing as markets developed in Baltimore and Washington, aided by steamboat service in the 1890s.[2]

Historic places[edit]

The E.C. Collier, the Elsworth, the Hilda M. Willing, the Kathryn, the Maggie Lee, the Minnie V, the Nellie L. Byrd, the Paw Paw Cove Site, the Ralph T. Webster, the Rebecca T. Ruark, the Reliance, the Ruby G. Ford, Sharps Island Light, the Sigsbee, and the Virginia W are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3]


Drawbridge over Knapps Narrows to Tilghman Island

Tilghman Island is located at 38°42′32″N 76°20′6″W / 38.70889°N 76.33500°W / 38.70889; -76.33500 (38.708795, −76.335016).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), of which 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (4.91%) is water.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 784 people, 357 households, and 246 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 315.9 inhabitants per square mile (122.0/km2). There were 560 housing units at an average density of 207.1 per square mile (80.0/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.3% White, 1.4% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, and 0.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 368 households, out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.72.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 19.2% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,763, and the median income for a family was $38,304. Males had a median income of $21,213 versus $24,286 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,851. About 8.7% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
  2. ^ "Tilghman Island". Saint Michaels. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.

External links[edit]